Universalistic rules-particularistic implementation: The EU’s single market for government purchases


Open and fair access to government contracts has been a long-standing principle in many international trade agreements including the one on the EU’s single public procurement market which is probably the most extensive among them with its long standing common regulatory and enforcement framework. However, the ostensibly low prevalence of cross-border trade in European public procurement represents a troubling puzzle: only about 5% of procurement contracts are awarded to non-domestic suppliers. This is in strike contrast with overall trade openness among these countries which surpasses 50% of GDP. The analysis uses country-level statistics as well as contract-level administrative data …

Read More

From Corruption to State Capture. A New Analytical Framework with Empirical Applications from Hungary

State capture and corruption are widespread phenomena across the globe, but their empirical study still lacks sufficient analytical tools. This paper develops a new conceptual and analytical framework for gauging state capture based on microlevel contractual networks in public procurement. To this end, it establishes a novel measure of corruption risk in government contracting focusing on the behavior of individual organizations. Then, it identifies clusters of high-corruption-risk organizations in the full contractual network of procuring authorities and their suppliers using formal social network analysis. Densely connected clusters of high-corruption-risk organizations are denoted as the domain of state capture. The paper …

Read More

Data Publication: Czech, Hungarian and Slovakian national public procurement contract database

The database contains not only the most important information about individual public procurement tenders in the Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia but also the Corruption Risk Index and its components.

Database building and calculations were accomplished within the DIGIWHIST project funded by EU Horizon 2020.

Download in csv

Variable list (xlsx)

Read More

GTI awarded a new major research project by the British Academy

Government Transparency Institute proudly announces that the British Academy and the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) decided to support our joint research project with the University of Sussex and Datlab. The project ‘Curbing corruption in development aid-funded procurement’ aims at developing accurate and targeted indicators of corruption in aid-funded procurement.

We employ our novel corruption proxies to explore how the risks of corruption in aid allocation are affected by different institutional control mechanisms and the socio-political context in recipient-countries. Our analysis is based on a multi-method research design that combines a quantitative analysis of procurement data …

Read More